Perhaps, one of the best innovations of the aircraft that is in line is the concept of morphing wings and rotor blades. Morphing refers to the ability of the surface to change shape. For example, when you suck your stomach and raise your chest, your physique changes shape, in fact, now you look pretty good, even if you may not have had the desired results in your last diet or that you have failed to resolve New Year. go to the gym In this case, do you look good in the mirror and could you do better with women?
For a plane, a thick wing provides much more lift and can land and take off at very low speeds. This means that you can lift more weight, use a shorter track and put less wear on the tires due to that shorter take-off roller. Unfortunately, a thick wing at high speeds means that you have much more resistance and slows down and therefore decreases the performance in the air while you are at cruising speed. This means that the plane will use much more fuel. Therefore, until now, most of the planes were nothing more than a compromise.
That is, built for speed, or built to carry more weight. Some built to go fast (small, thin, like pencil – Lear Jet), others more spacious, built for comfort (like a bulky-looking Rockwell 112). There are only a few planes that change shape in flight, such as the F-14 Tomcat and the F-111, which pass from a straight wing to a swept wing once at speed. Now there are many new planes on the drawing board that sponsor the latest in aerodynamic design, but they will also have shape change or transformation capabilities.
How is all this possible and why now?
Simple, humans are always working with new materials, and today there are new materials, which are flexible, but also very strong. We have also advanced in the science of the memory of manufactured materials, which means that at a temperature or electric charge, a shape is prominent, or when a charge is applied, it goes into a shape, when the charge changes or the temperature changes , the material goes back to its manufactured form.
Consider if you want a wing that totally changes your camera, shape, sweep angle. Think of a section of the tail that shrinks once with the high-speed reduction resistance, or contemplate bumps that fold automatically to reduce the resistance of the parasite. All this and more is now in line with many new aircraft designs. Not only in the military sector, but also in the private sector.
More efficient passenger airplanes, private planes and commercial airplanes, reducing fuel costs, increasing performance and allowing greater safety in critical phases of the flight, such as takeoff and landing. What does this all mean? As of today, aviation and aerospace design will never be the same. Think about it.